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Trauma Test

All of the criteria are required for the diagnosis of PTSD based on Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). 


Criterion A: stressor (one required)

The person was exposed to: death, threatened death, actual or threatened serious injury, or actual or threatened sexual violence, in the following way(s): 

  • Direct exposure

  • Witnessing the trauma

  • Learning that a relative or close friend was exposed to a trauma

  • Indirect exposure to aversive details of the trauma, usually in the course of professional duties (e.g., first responders, medics)


Criterion B: intrusion symptoms (one required)

The traumatic event is persistently re-experienced in the following way(s):

  • Unwanted upsetting memories

  • Nightmares

  • Flashbacks

  • Emotional distress after exposure to traumatic reminders

  • Physical reactivity after exposure to traumatic reminders


Criterion C: avoidance (one required)

Avoidance of trauma-related stimuli after the trauma, in the following way(s):

  • Trauma-related thoughts or feelings

  • Trauma-related external reminders


Criterion D: negative alterations in cognitions and mood (two required)

Negative thoughts or feelings that began or worsened after the trauma, in the following way(s):

  • Inability to recall key features of the trauma

  • Overly negative thoughts and assumptions about oneself or the world

  • Exaggerated blame of self or others for causing the trauma

  • Negative affect

  • Decreased interest in activities

  • Feeling isolated

  • Difficulty experiencing positive affect


Criterion E: alterations in arousal and reactivity

Trauma-related arousal and reactivity that began or worsened after the trauma, in the following way(s):

  • Irritability or aggression

  • Risky or destructive behavior

  • Hypervigilance

  • Heightened startle reaction

  • Difficulty concentrating

  • Difficulty sleeping


Criterion F: duration (required)

Symptoms last for more than 1 month.


Criterion G: functional significance (required)

Symptoms create distress or functional impairment (e.g., social, occupational).


Criterion H: exclusion (required)

Symptoms are not due to medication, substance use, or other illness.

Please consult with a psychologist or therapist if your symptoms​ are meeting diagnostic criteria for PTSD. Final diagnosis should be made with clinical interview and mental status examination including assessment of patient’s level of distress and functional impairment.

 

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648 Menlo Ave, Menlo Park, CA 94025

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